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Bio-Based Polymers    

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■監修/ 木村良晴
■体裁/ B5判 約170ページ
■発行/ 2013年4月4日 (株)シーエムシー出版
■定価/ 32,400円(税込価格)
■ISBNコード/ 978-4-7813-0271-3



biomass refinery / lactic acid / copolymer / biodegradability / Enzymatic Polymerization


Synthesis of polymeric materials from renewable natural resources dates back only to the beginning of this century. In spite of this short history, these polymeric materials have now been accepted as ‘‘biobased materials’’ or more specifically “biobased polymers”. This prompt acceptance of these new materials is based on the belief that their use efficiently contributes to suppressing the increase in carbon dioxide content in the global atmosphere, which is generally explained by the character of “carbon neutral” or “carbon offset”. It is also believed that the development of biobased materials may possibly open a reliable route to new bio-industries that should be superior to the current oil-based industries in terms of sustainability. Until now, a considerable number of biobased polymers have already been proposed, and some of them are really industrialized. They are generally synthesized from naturally occurring biomass resources by the combination of chemical and biological technologies, which is admitted as “white biotechnology” or “industrial biotechnology”. For replacing the ordinary oil-based plastics including engineering plastics, the bio-based polymers ought to have excellent functional properties and high performance. Currently, such high-performance biobased polymers, both fully and partly biobased ones, have already been developed. These novel polymers can be combined with the conventional plastic materials to create a new polymer platform in the polymer science and engineering of the future.
This book is dedicated to the research and development communities in academia and in industry to promote the industrialization of the biobased polymers mentioned above and to support the teaching of the advances in new materials in universities and other societies. The contents may not be comprehensive because naturally occurring polymers are not included in order to concentrate on the newly developed biobased polymers of synthetic origin. However, new trials for developing biobased polymers are mostly covered, and each chapter of this book is full of new information and idea, being really useful not only for scientists and engineers of materials fields but also for other experts of different disciplines.
Publishing of this book was achieved by choosing authors of the individual chapters on the basis of their expertise and their excellent contributions to the research fields. I’m very grateful to these scientists for their willingness and engagement in contributing their book chapters. Without their effort the publication would not have been done.

Yoshiharu Kimura
February 21, 2013


Yoshiharu KimuraProfessor, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Department of Bio-based Materials Science
Hajime NakajimaPost-doctoral researcher,Kyoto Institute of Technology,
Maria José ClimentProfessor, Instituto de Tecnología Química (Universidad Politécnica de Valencia- Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas)
Maria MifsudProfessor,Instituto de Tecnología Química(Universidad Politécnica de Valencia- Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas)
Sara IborraProfessor,Instituto de Tecnología Química (Universidad Politécnica de Valencia-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas)
Hitomi OharaProfessor, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Department of Bio-based Materials Science
Hideki YamaneProfessor, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Department of Bio-based Materials Science
Tadahisa IwataProfessor, The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences,Depart,ment of Biomaterial Sciences
Takeharu TsugeAssociate professor, Tokyo Institute of Technology Department of Innovative and Engineered Materials
Sei-ichi TaguchiProfessor, Hokkaido University,Graduate School of Engineering,
Hideki AbeTeam Reader ,RIKEN Biomass Engineering Program, Bioplastic Research Team
Toshihisa TanakaAssociate Professor, Shinshu University, Faculty of Textile Science and Technology
Mureo KakuManager , Dupont Kabushiki Kaisha, Industrial Bioscience
Kotaro SatohAssociate Professor, Nagoya University, Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering
Masami KamigaitoProfessor , Nagoya University Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering
Sei-ichi AibaSenior Research Scientist, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Biological Substance Engineering Research Group, Bioproduction Research Institute
Shiro KobayashiDistinguished Professor, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Center for Nanomaterials and Devices
Masatsugu MochizukiProfessor, Kyoto Institute ofTechnology,Center for Fiber and Textile Science

目   次

Chapter1-General Introduction-Overview of the current development of biobased polymers  ( Hajime Nakajima、Yoshiharu Kimura )
1.1Concept of bio-based polymers
1.2Bio-based polymers and biodegradable polymers
1.3Current biobased polymers
1.3.1(1) Biomass polymers
1.3.2(2) Bio-engineered polymers
1.3.3(3) New metabolite polymers from bio-originated building blocks
1.3.4(4) Conventional petrochemical polymers from bio-derived monomers
1.4New bio-based polymers
1.5High-performance biobased polymers
1.6Growing production of biobased polymers
1.7Biomass refinery
1.7.1Biobased building blocks from cellulose
1.7.2Production of bio-succinic acid and 3-hydroxy propionic acid from glycerol
1.8Industrialization of PLLA
1.8.1NatureWorks LLC
1.8.3PURAC-Sulzer Chemtech-Synbra
1.9Industrialization of sc-PLA
1.9.1 FKuR/Synbra
1.10Manufacturing of bacterial polyesters
1.11Biodegradable poly(butylene succinate) and its copolymers
1.12Other biobased polymers
1.12.1Various biobased polyamides
1.13Latest examples of high-performance biobased polymers
1.13.1Bio-based LCP
1.13.2Isosorbide-containing polymers
1.13.3Terpene-derived polymers
1.13.4Specialty PLA polymers from modified lactides
1.14New platform of bio-based polymers
Chapter2 Biomass and Biomass Refining  ( Maria Jose Climent, Maria Mifsud, Sara Iborra )
2.2Carboxylic acids and polyols
2.2.1Lactic acid
2.2.2Succinic acid
2.2.33-Hydroxypropionic acid
2.2.4Levulinic acid
2.2.75-Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF)
Chapter3 Bio-polyesters  ( Hitomi Ohara )
3.1Poly(lactic acid)
3.1.1Lactic acid fermentation
3.1.2Synthesis of poly(lactic acid)
3.1.3Industrial manufacturing methods
3.1.4Direct polycondensation
3.2Stereocomplex PLA   ( Hideki Yamane )
3.2.2Melt-blending of PLLA and PDLA
3.2.3Melt-spinning of PLLA/PDLA blend
3.2.4Biaxially oriented PLLA/PDLA blend films
3.3 Polyhydroxyalkanoate  ( Tadahisa Iwata, Takeharu Tsuge, Sei-ichi Taguchi, Hideki Abe, Toshihisa Tanaka )
3.3.1General Introduction
3.3.2Biosynthesis of P(3HB) and its Copolymers
3.3.3Fermentative Production and Mechanical Properties of PHB and its Copolymers
3.3.4Ultra-high-molecular-weight P(3HB)
3.3.5Structure of P(3HB)
3.3.6Fibers of P(3HB) and its Copolymer
3.3.7UHMW-P(3HB) Fibers
3.3.8Structure and Function of PHB Depolymerase
3.3.9Industrial production of P(3HB) and its copolymers
3.45, 6-Poly(trimethylene terephthalate, PTT)   ( Mureo Kaku )
3.4.1 Introduction
3.4.2Bio-1,3 Propanediol(Bio-PDO)
3.4.3Poly(trimethylene terephthalate, PTT)
3.4.4Sorona® Polymer for Fiber Applications
3.4.5Sorona® Polymer for Injection Mold Applications.
Chapter4 New Polymerization Methods for Biobased Polymers
4.1New Polymerization Methods for Bio-based Polymers from Renewable Vinyl Monomers  ( Kotaro Satoh, Masami Kamigaito )
4.1.2Controlled/Living Polymerization of Petrochemical Vinyl Monomers.
4.1.3Polymerizations of Naturally-Occurring Olefins (Terpenes)
4.1.4Polymerizations of Naturally-Occurring Styrenes (Phenylpropanoids)
4.1.5Naturally-Derived Acrylic Monomers.
4.2Biobased polyamides  ( Seiichi Aiba )
4.2 2Biobased PAs in the market and under R & D
4.3Enzymatic Polymerization  ( Shiro Kobayashi )
4.3.2Characteristics of enzymatic reactions and basic concept of enzymatic polymerization
4.3.3Synthesis of polysaccharides
4.3.4Synthesis of polyesters
4.3.5Conclusions and Future Perspectives
Chapter 5 Application of Bio-based Polymers  ( Masatsugu Mochizuki )
5.2Key performance features of PLA
5.2.1Chemical, physical and thermal properties
5.2.2Biodegradability and their biodegradation mechanism
5.2.3Environmental sustainability
5.3Processing of PLA
5.3.1Melt crystallization and cold crystallization
5.3.2Crystallization rate of PLA
5.4High-performance PLA
5.4.1Heat resistance
5.4.2Hydrolysis resistance
5.4.3Impact strength
5.5PLA products and potential applications
5.5.1Fibers and nonwovens
5.5.2Films and sheets
5.5.3Injection molding
5.5.5Foaming molding

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